Some cosmetics use substances that increase light sensitivity when applied to the skin (photosensitizers). Some of these substances in cosmetics should be avoided during the summer months. But which ingredients should we watch out for? How can you avoid unwanted reactions? We talk about it in this article!
Erythema, mottling, burning, pigmentation: using photosensitizer ingredients before sun exposure can cause these phenomena on the skin. Sunbathing is not a joke and should be done while protecting our skin and health as much as possible.
How can we sunbathe in the most correct and safe way? First, always carry a high sunscreen, avoid prolonged exposure to the sun, especially during the hottest hours, and do not use cosmetics containing photosensitizing substances.
Here’s a list of products you should avoid before sun exposure:
Perfume should be used with caution during the summer months. If you will use them anyway, it is arguable that you should wear them in the evening and cleanse your skin properly in the morning before exposing it to the sun. Why should we choose other solutions instead of traditional perfumes? Because the alcohol in them can stain the skin when exposed to sunlight. In the summer, alcohol-free flavored waters and perfume-like body creams are recommended.
2) Anti-cellulite and Self-Tanning Creams
We also look at several products to apply daily to prepare for the sea, especially with the arrival of summer. Anti-cellulite creams and treatments should be discontinued before sun exposure, as many of these products contain derivatives such as caffeine and tyrosine, which can cause reactions under sunlight. The reason is different for self-tanners. They are not photosensitizers, but if applied before tanning, they may degenerate into a mottled, uneven tan.
Photosensitizers are also used in products to delay hair loss. It is best to discontinue treatment before sun exposure.
It is always better to ask your doctor about medications, as only he or she can give you the right advice, depending on your current treatment and your constitution. For instance, medications such as thyroid hormones may contain photosensitizers.
Here are some other substances and medications to watch out for:
- Calcium channel blockers
- Oral antidiabetic drugs
- Drugs to treat hypercholesterolemia
- Anti-acne agents
4) Products Containing Acids
There are also products available that contain acids but are made so that they do not sensitize the skin. However, as a general rule, cosmetics containing these acids should be avoided. In this case, reach out to cosmetic manufacturers for recommendations.
Examples of such products include:
Salicylic acid: Used to act on acne and pimples and thoroughly cleanse the skin.
Retinoic acid: used to treat acne, wrinkles, and blemishes. Usually purchased in the pharmaceutical form at pharmacies.
Retinol: a substance used in cosmetics to act on wrinkles and blemishes and delay signs of skin aging.
By the sea, it is generally best not to wear makeup. In summer, it is important to use lightweight products with formulas that do not weigh down the skin. Some makeup products can cause sunburn and blemishes.
6) Ingredients to Prevent the Effects of Sun Exposure on the Skin (Dehydration, Spots, Aging, Etc.)
Ideally, you should focus on ingredients that soothe rough skin, fight free radicals and oxidative stress caused by sun exposure. It’s also important to balance and moisturize the skin.
Aloe vera is strongly recommended after sun exposure. It “cools” the skin and is high in nutrients, including vitamins A, C and E, vitamin B12, folic acid, enzymes, fatty acids and minerals such as calcium, magnesium and zinc.
Consider an aloe vera plant as a home sunburn remedy: break off a leaf and rub the moist part into the skin three times a day to speed healing and provide a soothing effect. Mixing aloe vera with a nourishing oil will further enhance its moisturizing properties.
Note: Always seek medical advice before making any decisions.